The small ranching community of Ten Sleep, Wyoming is a true example of western lifestyle. Located at the base of the Big Horn Mountains, the area is rich in fertile soil and waterways, which make it perfect for raising cattle and sheep.
Near the present site of Casper on the Platte River, there was an Indian camp that the trappers called the Old Sioux Camp. To the north near the present site of Bridger, Montana, on the Clarks Fork River, was another Indian camp; these camps were located on the Indian trade route. Ten Sleep was midway between the two camps, so as Indians measured distance by travel time, Ten Sleep was the tenth night or “sleeps” between the two camps.
The area is full of history and is recognized as being the site of many historic battlegrounds between Indian tribes and the white man. Among those sites are the Bates Battle site, an engagement in which the Arapahoe were defeated by a coalition composed of US troops and the Shoshone. At the Dull Knife site, Dull Knife and Wild hog were defeated leaving the Big Horn Mountains under the control of the white man. Located a few miles south of Ten Sleep is the famous site of the Spring Creek Raid (on the Red Reflet Ranch). Here, cattle ranchers and sheep herders fought a bloody battle over grazing rights. The event eventually led to the end of the bitter rivalry between cattlemen and sheep ranchers.
Scenic wonders such as mountain ranges, canyons, pure mountain streams, and lakes are everywhere. To the southwest of Ten Sleep, Castle Gardens presents unusual stone caricatures of animals, castles and other objects of interest, many of which can be climbed and all offer great photographic moments.